JMD's livestock programs usually center around goats; they are the most common animal of choice in Aceh for meat, although dairy goats had not been common for nearly 40 years. Aceh, like many parts of Indonesia, is home so several different varieties of goats, most of which are allowed to range free in the countryside. In developing ways in which to help farmers improve the health and productivity of their livestock and re-introduce dairy farming, JMD conducted assessments of such factors as pasturing, milk processing availability, fattening, and breeding. Our staff and veterinarian then teamed with a dairy specialist at the University to develop a basic model introduced to villages throughout the province that stressed confinement to a single pasture, improved diet, facilitated milking, sanitary processing and marketing, and breeding techniques that introduced new strains of the best breeds for the climate, geography and needs of the farmer.
JMD established Aceh's first commercial dairy, which produced fresh, pasteurized goat milk for sale. Villagers managing the dairy feed the goats a controlled diet of organic stalks and leaves grown in a vegetable farm next to the dairy. Like all of JMD's initiatives, the dairy is designed to provide income, business management skills, and nourishment to beneficiary families for generations to come.
The first commercial dairy in Aceh provides income for dairy farmers and nourishment for the community.
The dairy is run by the district or sub-district's co-operative, which buys milk from farmers, and pasteurizes and packages the milk at the pasteurizing unit in the village. JMD staff provide on-going management support to the co-operative when requested, and facilitate co-ordination with other agencies and organizations such as Syiah Kuala University in Banda Aceh and local government departments. The farm produces a readily available source of organic feed from grass and various legume crops such as, peanuts, corn, and soybeans. In turn, the crops are fertilized with compost made from goat manure.
Goat Rearing and Breeding
Goat rearing and breeding programs across Aceh train entrepreneurs with skills for a lifetime.
Women Run Successful Goat Enterprise in Pidie Jaya
One of JMD's most successful goat rearing and breeding programs is located in a remote village in Pidie Jaya district, where a group of 14 women have come together to create a profitable goat enterprise.
The women began working together by forming a committee that stressed good management practices. With supplies and training provided by JMD, the women built a goat barn, learning important construction skills. JMD staff also provided business management training, as well as livestock health care training from our staff veterinarian. With these elements in place the women's collective insures that goats are bred in a controlled fashion, fed the most nutritious diet, and are nurtured to achieve the highest price possible at market.
A training provided for the group by JMD in partnership with a lecturer in veterinary medicine at the local University taught the group how to produce their own medication for the goats using locally available and natural materials.